immergetevi nella natura
Laguna S'ena Arrubia

THE LAGUNA OF S’ENA ARRUBIA

The Village Camping faces the marvelous Laguna of S’Ena Arrubia, which ranks as an Oasis of protected fauna, as a Site of European Interest, and was declared protected Humid Zone at the Covention of Ramsar in 1977.

The Convention of Ramsar was the first true intergovernamental treaty with a global goal regarding the conservation and management of natural ecosystems. It was born from the need to invert the process of transformation and destruction of humid zones that are the prime habitats for water-birds that have to bridge quite specific migratory routes through various states and continents in order to reach in every season the different sites for building a nest, for sojourn, and for wintering.

La flora La fauna

"The last born in Laguna S'Ena Arrubia January 2010"

La lagunaFenicotteriFenicotteri

FLORA
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Salicornia – Salicornia Fruticosa

Small perennial shrub, reaching maximum height of 1 m., dark green in color ( colors to red in autumn ), branched, with numerous branches superimposed in front of eachother, woody at the base and fleshier at the top, built up from a series of cilindrical articles with a few millimeters’ length. The leaves are fleshy and reconverge like the trunk, while fluttery at the base; the flowers are similar and come are grouped in threes. Flowering usually takes place in July-August.

     
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Sea rush – Juncus Maritimus

Shrubby perennial plant with rigid green trunk and cilindrical, pungent leaves. Inflorescence is also green, with yellow or green flowers; its fruit is an olie-brown colored capsule.

     
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Cordgrass– Spartina Maritima

Perennial plant with straight trunks of 30 to 70 cm. altitude. It has whitish roots, smooth leaves that are dark green and pungent.

The flowers are arranged in ears, pressed against eachother in series of 8 to 10 cm. Flowers from July to September.

FAUNA
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Pink Flamingo – Phoenicopterus Ruber

The pink flamingo is an amazingly social bird that lives and procreates in big flocks. It visits shallow laguna’s and inland waters; it builds its nest from mud on islands of sand and clay.

It has a characteristic beak, pink and black at the tip, bent downwards, that it uses as a sieve to push away the water as it fishes out the organisms on which it feeds through special seperators.

The pink flamingo, sole species that nests in Europe as well, is recognized by its white-pink coloring which becomes more intense on its wings, by its long pink legs and long neck.

     
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Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio Porphyrio

It is one of the prettiest inhabitants of the humid Mediterranean zones.

It is unmistakable for its dark blue and purple plumage with turquoise reflections, and white under its tail; also for its red beak and its claws with brilliant red fingers. It is a bird strongly tied to swamp life, and particularly where reed abounds. Here it nests in the middle of vegetation, where it leaves between 2 and 6 eggs.

It is a severely protected species, inasmuch as the ever more frequent projects to reclaim land, as well as the excesses of hunting, have reduced the purple swamphen to the risk of extinction.

     
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Coot– Fulica Atra

Marshy habitat bird that is easily recognized by its black body, white beak and white spot on its forehead; its feet have extended fingers connected by membrane that render the coot an excellent swimmer.

It lives in humid zones surrounded by swamp reed, and it feeds on plants and molluscs.

It builds its nests between the reed, from which it is constructed, together with water plants: it lays between 6 and 15 eggs that are brooded for approximately 3 weeks.

     
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Osprey – Pandion Haliaetus

Famous for the regal way in which it captures fish, the osprey is a marvelous bird that is typical for humid zones.

It is recognized for the contrast between its brown backside and its white belly, that is only interrupted by its brown-tipped wings, some dark spots on its stomach, as well as the irregular dark streak on the side of its chest. Its head is entirely white, apart from the black stripe that runs from the eyes sideways down to the base of its beak.

     
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Great White Heron – Egretta Alba

It comes across with an elongated and slender body, thin neck, and long legs; its plumage is entirely white and unchangeable through the whole year. Its beak is generally yellow, its legs blackish or off-yellow at their base.

In the mating season the beak becomes black and the legs take a yellow-orange coloring.

Its eyes are yellow and crowned by a green ring.

The White Heron is an able hunter that feeds primarily on fish: when it hunts, it bends its head sideways so as to avoid the reflection of the sun in the water, while it moves the water with its legs to scare the prey, stretching its neck immediately to make the catch when it spots it.

It is generally quiet, screams when taking off for flight, but becomes noisier when it finds itself in flock, or in the company of other birds.

     

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